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The PermaQuit Method by Paul Payton

About Author/Owner:

Paul Peyton wrote the Permaquit Method and tried it by himself first. He used to be a terrible smoker for about "30 stick a day." 

Product Introduction:

The Permaquit Method was created based on researches and top professionals on the Permaquit Stop Smoking Method. The product claims that the method to effectively quit smoking is not because of physical addictions that can be treated with medications. Based on the product overview, the Permaquit Method uses the psyhotherapeutic ways that goes deep beyond physical and mental nicotine addiction. This method is for all types of smokers, either beginners or heavy types.

Ovarian Cyst Miracle by Carol Foster

13.5 cm Cyst
About Author/Owner

Carol Forster is a medical researcher, health consultant and nutrition specialist and had already worked as well as counsel thousands of women from more than 132 countries all over the world.

The Ovarian Cyst Miracle was created with 14 years of research, study and trial and error experimentation. It is not an entirely new eBook that is for sale. However, this eBook was not completely known to the public before. The contents are well-researched and already proven. Here is what's in-store from the ebook:
  • It uses a 3-step method that should me religiously applied for 2 months. 
  • There are tips and secrets on how to relieve pain and discomfort brought about the cyst. 
  • A guide about the triggering factors of the cyst formation
  • Complete list about the food and beverages that contributes to the ovarian cyst growth and formation
  • It also talks about the PCOS (polycystic ovarian cyst syndrome) FREEDOM

List of Diseases and their Pathognomonic (Hallmark) Signs

I have created this list when I was reviewing for my Nurse Licensure Examination. Pathognomonic sign is also known as hallmark sign. This is a kind of unique sign seen on patients having these diseases. These are used to easily distinguish one disease from another. However, these signs are not the basis for diagnosing clients. Laboratory tests are still needed before diagnosing clients. If you have anything to add on the list, please write it in the comment box. Thanks! 

Different Body System Overview

The Different Body Systems

Integumentary System
This is the external covering of the body which is mainly known as skin. Its main functions are to provide cushions, waterproof and protect the deeper tissues from any injury. This is where temperature, pain receptors and pressure are located. Temperature is primarily regulated from the excreted urea and salts during perspiration.

Skeletal System
It consists with the bone, joints, cartilage and ligaments. This system is the one that supports and provides structure to the body that is used for movement.

Muscular System
Muscular system is composed of the muscles in the body. The main function of this system is to contract or shorten thus, producing body movement.

Nervous System
The nervous system is known as the body’s fast-acting control system. There are four main organs in this system- the brain, spinal cord, nerves and sensory receptors.

Endocrine System
This system controls the activities made in the body but acts slowly. Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, thymus, pancreas, pineal, ovaries (women) and testes (men) are called the endocrine glands and they secrete and regulate hormones throughout the body. This system acts on the growth, reproduction and metabolism through the hormones.

Cardiovascular System
The heart and blood vessels are the primary organs of this system. Cardiovascular system mainly acts on transporting the blood which carries oxygen, nutrients, hormones and other substances in the entire body.

Lymphatic System
The role of this system complements the function of the cardiovascular system. Its main organs are the lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes and other lymphoid organs like the tonsils and spleen. The lymph nodes together with other lymphoid organs help in cleansing the blood and cells, the lymphatic vessels, on the other hand, aids in the continuous circulation of the blood.

Respiratory System
The respiratory systems organs consist of the following: nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs. This system is the one responsible for constantly supplying the body with oxygen and removing the carbon dioxide.

Digestive System
This system is commonly referred to as a tube running all throughout the body from the mouth to the anus. Digestive system consists of the following organs- oral cavity (mouth), esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, and rectum. Its functions are breaking down food and delivering its products to the blood. This is the system that is also responsible for digesting the food. There are two organs seen in other systems that also act as a digestive organ- the liver and pancreas.
Liver: produces bile that helps in breaking down the fats
Pancreas: delivers digestive enzymes to the small intestines

Urinary System
The main function of this system is to remove waste products from the body. It expels out the nitrogen-waste products, examples are urea and uric acid, from the blood and flushes out as urine. This is commonly known as the excretory system and is composed of the following organs- kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
Another important functions of the urinary system are to maintain the body’s water and salt (also known as electrolyte) balance and also acid-base balance regulation.

Reproductive System
This system exists in the body for the main purpose of producing offspring. The male and female has different reproductive organs.
Male: testes (produces sperm), scrotum, penis, accessory glands, duct system (carries sperm)
Female: ovaries (produces ova or also known as eggs), uterine tubes, uterus and vagina.

Source: Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology,8th edition,Elaine N. Marieb,Pearson Education, Inc.,2006

Normal Adult Circulation

simple diagram of the NORMAL adult circulation
The above diagram shows a simple flow for the blood circulation of an adult from 1 year onwards. 

Thorough explanation:

Normal Fetal Circulation

The fetal circulation is different from the normal adult circulation. This is because these reasons, the fetus gets its blood supply from the mother's placenta and the lungs is still not capable for air exchange. That is why there are 3 types of openings in their circulation.

simple drawing on normal fetal circulation

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a water soluble type of vitamin that is widely known. It has over 300 functions in the human body. This help protect the body against serious illnesses like heart disease and cancer. This is also a vital requirement for collagen formation. Collagen helps repair the cells in the body whenever it a person has cut or injuries.

Vitamin B

Vitamin B is specifically needed for blood supply and some other functions. There are about 8 various types of the Vitamin B complex. Each of these types has their own functions in the body. 

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is the first vitamin to be discovered so that is why it is named after the first letter of the alphabet. Its main functions are to keep the eyes healthy, help in boosting the immune system and aid in cell growth and repair. It can be absorbed in the body by direct absorption process or by conversion of the beta carotene to Vitamin A.